On 13th December 1990 at 12:07a.m. a blip
appeared on the radar screens at the
(Samara) long-range tracking station at a range of 60
miles. The stations automatic identification (Friend
or Foe) system failed and it was impossible to
determine the intentions of the object. After two and
a half minutes the object scattered into many smaller
“returns” and as they approached the tracking station
(approx 25 miles), the largest of these was evidently
a triangular-shaped craft.
This triangular object was directly approaching the
radar station and a team of soldiers was despatched to
find out what was going on. As the soldiers came into
the open the object was seen to fly directly over
their heads at a height of 30ft. and then stop about
300ft. beyond a barbed-wire barrier, approximately
150ft. from a mobile, short-range radar array, known
as “Post 12”.Suddenly there was a flash and the paired
aerials of “Post 12” were seen to catch fire,
resulting in the upper aerial collapsing to the
Soviet Government analysts later revealed that all the
steel parts of the aerials had melted and witnesses,
including officers and enlisted men, all described the
triangular object as “black and smooth” as though
covered by a layer of soot.
The object was said to be 45ft. long and 10ft. thick
with no openings or port holes. The triangular craft
hovered for 90 minutes before it disappeared into the
On 18th December 1990, a Soviet Defense
Ministry commission investigated the site and removed
the damaged aerials for detailed scientific analysis.
Military sources later claimed to have examined the
site and to have verified the tape records of the
Despite the obvious “stealth” characteristics that
the unknown craft had, the ability to hover for 90
minutes is beyond that of any known stealth aircraft.
It is, also, very difficult to believe that any U.S.
craft would have perpetrated such a hostile action,
the “Cold War” was still on and the risks are obvious.
Sunday March 23, 2003
Yuri Andropov, the former Soviet leader and long-time head of the KGB, had
an acute personal interest in UFOs and ordered a 13-year programme that required every soldier in the military to monitor sightings over Russian
territory, according to new revelations.
Andropov shunned the splendour enjoyed by many Soviet leaders to live in a
sparse flat throughout his 15 years as KGB chief and one year as Secretary-General of the Communist Party.
Igor Sinitsin, who worked as an aide to Andropov in the Politburo for six
years and has just written his memoirs, told The Observer that in 1977 he
discovered that Andropov kept a file on the phenomena in his desk.
At the time there had been fevered speculation in the Soviet Union about a
large unidentified object in the skies over Petrozavosk on 20 September,
1977. Sinitsin, now 70, said that one of his responsibilities was to monitor
the foreign press and he brought Andropov a Stern magazine piece about UFOs.
'I dictated a summary of the piece to my secretary and was sure to express
some doubts, because you know how sceptical the mood was in Soviet times to
such stories. I worried he would be concerned about my mental health, but I
dared to hand the summary to him.'
Sinitsin was shocked by the staid KGB chief's reaction. Andropov handed him
the text of an official report he had ordered from the counter-espionage
directorate. 'It described a UFO appearance in Astrakhan that an officer had
seen while fishing.'
Through Andropov's personal interest, in 1978 two committees were established to investigate UFOs, one military and one civilian. Andropov
ordered four million Soviet soldiers to file detailed reports of incidents.
Platov said the programme led to hundreds of thousands of sightings being recorded in the 13 years before it was abandoned with the break-up of the
Soviet Union in 1990.Most cases had a 'rational explanation and were mainly
linked to technical issues like missile launches'.
On April 16, 1996, the New York Times reported on a
mysterious military base being constructed in Russia:
"In a secret
project reminiscent of the chilliest days of the Cold War, Russia is
building a mammoth underground military complex in the Ural Mountains”,
Western officials and Russian witnesses say.
"Hidden inside Yamantau mountain in the Beloretsk area of the southern
Urals, the project involved the creation of a huge complex, served by a
railroad, a highway, and thousands of workers."
The complex, being built inside Yamantau mountain by tens of thousands
of workers, covers an area the size of the Washington area inside the
There are reportedly provisions for living inside the man-made caves.
There is an underground warehouse for food and clothing, a shelter for
the Russian national leadership in case of nulcear war, and rumors that
the Yamantau Mountain project was associated with the so-called 'Dead
Hand' nuclear retaliatory command and control system for strategic
Some U.S. analysts believe the secret underground complex beneath
Yamantau Mountain betrays a lingering belief among top Russian leaders
that they must continue to prepare
to fight and win a nuclear war. Russians say they still fear the U.S.
highest mountains of the South Urals - Yamantau (1640 m) and Bolshoi
Ieremele (1582 m) - are located in the western row of ridges."
Priors on the Record
It is now known that the Soviet Union used secret
underground bases in Eastern Europe to conceal nuclear missiles at the
end of the Cold War, as an integral part of its nuclear war-fighting
strategy. In all, some 73 SS-23 missiles, packing a nuclear punch 365
times the bomb that detonated over Hiroshima, were hidden by the Soviets
in violation of the INF Treaty, which went into force in June 1988.
If war had broken out those missiles would have given the Soviets an
overwhelming strategic advantage against the United States, allowing
them to decimate NATO forces in Europe in a surprise attack. The last of
these missiles will be destroyed by the government of Slovakia, under a
grant from the United States.
Today, Russia may be conducting nuclear deception on a far vaster scale
beneath Yamantau Mountain, where it has dug out a gigantic underground
military complex designed to withstand a sustained nuclear assault. A
U.S. intelligence source was quoted as saying that the Yamantau complex
is but one of some 200 secret deep underground nuclear war-fighting
sites in Russia, many of which have been significantly upgraded over the
past six years at a cost of billions of dollars.
This declassified Defense Intelligence Agency map shows the relative
location of the underground Yamantau Mountain complex. Since the end of
the Cold War in 1991, U.S. intelligence sources believe the Russian
government has pumped more than $6 billion into Yamantau alone, to
construct a sprawling underground complex that spans some 400 square
In 1998, in a rare public comment, then-Commander of the U.S. Strategic
Gen. Eugene Habinger, called Yamantau:
"a very large complex -- we estimate that it has millions of square feet
available for underground facilities. We don't have a clue as to what
they're doing there."
It is believed to be large enough to house 60,000 persons, with a
special air filtration system designed to withstand a nuclear, chemical
or biological attack. Enough food and water is believed to be stored at
the site to sustain the entire underground population for months on end.
"The only potential use for this site is post-nuclear war..." --- Rep.
Bartlett is one of the handful of members of Congress who have closely
followed the Yamantau project.
The Yamantau Mountain complex is located close to one of Russia's
remaining nuclear weapons labs, Chelyabinsk-70, giving rise to
speculation it could house either a nuclear warhead storage site, a
missile base, a secret nuclear weapons production center, a directed
energy laboratory or a buried command post. Whatever it is, Yamantau was
designed to survive a nuclear war.
In response to repeated U.S. inquiries, the Russian government has
provided no fewer than 12 separate and contradictory explanations for
the site, none of them believed to be credible.
A 1997 Congressional Research Service report said that the vast sums
invested to build the Yamantau Mountain complex "provide evidence of
excessive military modernization in Russia." Russia is pouring money
into this and other underground nuclear sites at the same time U.S.
taxpayers have provided billions of dollars in aid to Russia to help
dismantle nuclear warheads taken off line as a result of START I and
"Yamantau Mountain is the largest nuclear-secure project in the world...
They have very large train tracks running in and out of it, with
enormous rooms carved inside the mountain. It has been built to resist a
half dozen direct nuclear hits, one after the other in a direct hole.
It's very disquieting that the Russians are doing this when they don't
have $200 million to build the service module on the international space
station and can't pay housing for their own military people," ---Rep.
The Russians have constructed two entire cities over the site, known as
Beloretsk 15 & 16, which are closed to the public, each with 30,000
workers. No foreigner has ever set foot near the site. A U.S. military
attaché stationed in Moscow was turned back when he attempted to visit
the region a few years ago.
Neither the Central Intelligence Agency nor the Defense Intelligence
Agency will comment on what the Russians are doing at Yamantau Mountain.
"There's not a lot we could say without venturing into the classified
realm," CIA spokesman Mike Mansfield said. "It's hard to discuss it with
This U.S. satellite photograph of the Yamantau Mountain region was taken
on Oct. 16, 1997. Clearly recognizable signs of excavation can be seen
at the areas marked Yamantau Mountain and Mezhgorye. Two above-ground
support cities, each housing 30,000 workers, are located at Beloretsk
The very little that is known publicly about the site comes from
Soviet-era intelligence officers, who defected to Great Britain and the
United States. In public testimony before a House Armed Services
Subcommittee last October, KGB defector Col. Oleg Gordievsky said the
KGB had maintained a separate, top-secret organization, known as
Directorate 15, to build and maintain a network of underground command
bunkers for the Soviet leadership -- including the vast site beneath
"And what is interesting was that President Yeltsin and Russia's new
democratic leaders are using those facilities, and the same service is
still running the same facility, like it was 10, 15 years ago." --- Col.
Yamantau Mountain is so secret that only a handful of Russian government
officials knows about it, says Rep. Curt Weldon, R-Pa., who speaks
Russian and travels frequently to Russia, chairing a congressional
working group that discusses strategic issues with counterparts from the
"I ask the Russians about it every time I meet with them... We've never
had a straight answer."
Weldon got interested in Yamantau Mountain in 1995 when he saw a public
report suggesting it was a vast mining project.
"I went to Moscow and spoke with the deputy interior minister who was in
charge of mining," Weldon says. "I asked him if there was any mining
activity there. He just shook his head and said he had never heard of
it. So I mentioned the other name the Russians use for it: Mezhgorye. He
said he hadn't heard of that either. Then he sent an aide out to check.
Twenty minutes later, the aide came back, visibly shaken. He said they
couldn't say anything about it."
Weldon also met with Andrei Kokoshkin, a former deputy defense minister,
in charge of President Yeltsin's National Security Council.
"Kokoshkin called it a public works project, and said there was nothing
to worry about, since the Defense Ministry had no involvement in it. So
I brought out a copy of the Defense Ministry's budget -- it's only a few
pages long -- and showed him the line item for Mezhgorye. He smiled and
said it must be for bridges, roads and schools. When I then asked if I
could see it, he said that could only be arranged through Yeltsin. The
site was controlled directly by the president."
Weldon then tried sending a 3-page letter to Yeltsin in Russian.
"I told him all the things I was trying to do to foster better
U.S.-Russia understanding, but said that I couldn't help if they
couldn't clear up something as important as this. He never replied."
Where's the Money Coming From?
The cause for concern is that the US is currently sending hundreds of
millions of dollars to Russia, supposedly to help that country dismantle
old nuclear weapons. Meanwhile, the Russian parliament has been
complaining that it cannot pay $250 million in back wages owed to its
workers at the same time that it is spending money to comply with new
strategic arms reduction treaties.
Aviation Week and Space Technology reported that "It seems the nearly
$30 billion a year spent on intelligence hasn't answered the question of
what the Russians are up to at Yamantau Mountain in the Urals. The huge
underground complex being built there has been the object of U.S.
interest since 1992. 'We don't know exactly what it is,' says Ashton
Carter, the Pentagon's international security mogul. The facility is not
operational, and the Russians have offered 'nonspecific reassurances'
that it poses no threat to the U.S."
The following is an excerpt from an interview between
Chris Ruddy and Col. Stanislav Lunev, a Russian military intelligence
officer who defected in 1992. Col. Stanislav Lunev is the
highest-ranking military intelligence officer ever to have defected from
You ask about Yamantau Mountain. Well, this is a huge underground city,
which could be used in time when many Russian cities are destroyed, but
the military and political elite will survive and live until our planet
will try to restore itself.
U.S. law states that the Administration must certify to Congress that
any money sent to Russia is used to disarm its nuclear weapons. However,
is that the case? If the Russian parliament is complaining of a shortage
of funds for nuclear disarmament, then how can Russia afford to build
the Yamantau complex?